Mayon Update

Social Action Center – Diocese of Legazpi

Situation Report no. 1 (Wednesday, 17 January 2018)
Type of Disaster – Mayon Volcano Eruption Alert Level 3

A. CONTEXT

Recent increased activity of Mayon Volcano started on 13 January 2018 at 5:06 PM with a phreatic explosion and subsequent ash fall in the Municipalities of Camalig and Guinobatan in Albay Province. In the days after more phreatic explosion and ash fall, with additional lava flow and rock fall incidents were recorded. The Philippine Institute for Volcanology and Seismology (PHIVOLCS) declared Alert Level 2 on 13 January and upgraded it to Alert Level 3 on 14 January.

PHIVOLCS during a meeting convened by the Provincial Disaster Management Council (PDRRMC) on 15 January 2017 declared that Mayon Volcano is on Alert Level 3 given its increased tendency towards hazardous eruption.

As of Tuesday, 16 January, PHIVOLCS described the volcano’s activity as having “quiet lava effusion from a new summit lava dome, lava flow down Barangays of Miisi and Bonga Gullies and lava collapse events and that therefore there is relatively high level of unrest as magma is at the crater and sudden explosion is possible within weeks or even days”.

With this the public is warned by authorities to avoid entering the 6 kilometer radius Permanent Danger Zone (PDZ) and the 7 kilometer Extended Danger Zone (EDZ) on the southern areas due to the danger of rock falls, landslides, and sudden explosions or dome collapse that may generate hazardous volcanic flows. The public is also advised to be vigilant against pyroclastic density currents, lahars and sediment laden streamflows along channels. Ash fall events may likely occur on the southwest side of the volcano.

Evacuated population as of 17 January 2018 8:00 AM (source: PDRRMC): Total: 9,291 families, 37,739 persons in 36 barangays and five municipalities and three cities. Breakdown: Municipalities of Daraga – 1,189 families, Camalig – 1,946 families, Guinobatan – 1,241 families, Malilipot – 773 families, Sto Domingo – 590 families; and Cities of Legazpi – 2,610 families , Ligao – 429 families, and Tabaco – 513 families.

Immediate needs of evacuated places, as of 16 January 2018, identified after two rounds of Rapid Field Assessment (RFA) conducted by Parish Commissions on Social Concerns (PCSCs) and SAC Legazpi, were the following:
– Non-Food Items: sleeping mats, mosquito nets, blankets, face masks, hygiene kit, firewood
– Food and Water
– Infrastructure: additional toilets, communal kitchen

Parishes agreed to activate their Parish Disaster Response Committees (PaDReCom) and utilize PaDReFund. Initial actions are provision of soup kitchens and opening of church facilities to house most vulnerable evacuees: pregnant and lactating mothers, PWDs, elderly. Parishes will also reactivate the HARONG program for disaster emergencies – volunteer shelters in private homes – to decongest evacuation centers and improve the well-being of most vulnerable displaced population.

Most Camp Management Committees are still in the process of consolidating and systematizing the data and the immediate needs of evacuated families as the number of evacuees continue to increase.

Local Government Units have provided initial minimal food packs. But most ECs report insufficient water supply and WASH facilities. Bureau of Fire (BFP) trucks have been delivering water to ECs. No report of damaged infrastructure. The road is passable. Electricity and communication facilities are functioning.

PARTNERSHIPS AND COORDINATION

• Provincial Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (PDRRMC) Emergency Meeting, 15 January 2018
• Coordination with Albay Public Safety Emergency and Management Office (APSEMO) and the Provincial Social Welfare and Development Office (PSWDO)
• SAC Legazpi activates its Emergency Office Protocol for SIMBAHAN PARA SA MAYON 2018 operations, together with Pastors and Parish Commissions on Social Concerns (PCSC) in affected parishes. Bishop Baylon to release circular calling for community solidarity and assistance to affected populations.
• Rapid Field Assessment by 3 teams of SAC Legazpi personnel and local PCSC Volunteers
• Sanggunian Panglalawigan declared the Province under State of Calamity , 16 January 2018

B. DONOR UPDATE

The following goods have been received so far by SAC Legazpi:
• 100 packs of Rice at (2 kilos) from Smart TV 5 Foundation
• 3 boxes of Distilled Water (2 boxes 350 ml) (1 box 500ml.)
• Situational Report to be submitted to NASSA-Caritas Pilipinas, Social Action Network, Catholic Relief Services (CRS), Bicol Consortium for Development Initiatives (BCDI), Coalition for Bicol Development (CBD), and other partners.

SAC Legazpi is ready to receive donations in cash and kind. Cash donations may be sent to BPI account: Social Action Center – SPM, account number: 0851-0067-37.

C. LOGISTICS / SECURITY

• Philippine National Police (PNP) in charge of the security concerns reported that they have Search and Rescue personnel, and personnel preventing entry to the PDZ. They also provide APSEMO with Daily Assessment of Evacuated Families.
• Department of Education (DEPED) provides regular Evacuation Report and takes care of affected Displaced and Resident Learners. School Heads as Camp Chiefs coordinate with LGUs and other agencies in terms of other needs.
• The Provincial Health Office (PHO) is in charge of the Water, Sanitation and Health (WaSH).
• The Department of Health (DOH) conducted Rapid Health Assessment and provided medicines.
• National Food Authority (NFA), with three warehouses in the three districts of Albay, reported sufficient supply of rice. The Provincial LGU has a newly constructed warehouse. PSWDO initially distributed 300 sacks of rice.
• PDRRMC thru the APSEMO will submit report to NDRRMC within five days for possible augmentation. Should there be longer operations, it will look for other options and partners in coordination with various response clusters.
• Philippine Army has standby vehicles.
• Red Cross set-up a 24/7 Operation Center, distributed masks, and has a stand-by water supply.

D. STAFFING

• Activated SAC Legazpi’s Emergency Office Protocol with distinct response structures and procedures, and specific staff roles and responsibilities.
• SAC Legazpi’s Rapid Assessment Teams distributed in the three districts of the Province.
• Volunteers from Parish Commissions on Social Concerns in the parishes of Guinobatan, Camalig, Daraga, Malabog, Malilipot, Panal, San Antonio, Sto Domingo and Bigaa conducted initial Rapid Needs Assessment in affected barangays and evacuation centers. They are well-oriented and ready to conduct emergency response operations.

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